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電子地磅的使用方法與日常維護手冊

2011年8月10日  標簽:電子地磅 電子磅 電子地磅秤  瀏覽3440
內容提要:被稱重物或載重汽車停在秤臺上,在重力的作用下,電子地磅秤臺將重力傳遞至傳感器,導致附著在傳感器上的彈性體發生變形,則彈性體應變梁上的應變電阻片及橋路失去平衡,輸出與重量數值成正比的電信號,經線性放大器將信號放大,再經A/D轉換為數字信號,由儀表內的微處理機對重量信號進行處理后直接顯示重量數。配置打印機后,即可打印稱重數據;如配置計算機,可將計量數直接輸入稱重管理系統進行綜合管理。
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一、電子地磅工作原理及構成:

1、電子地磅工作原理

BEICHENGZHONGWUHUOZAIZHONGQICHETINGZAICHENGTAISHANG,ZAIZHONGLIDEZUOYONGXIA,DIANZIDIBANGCHENGTAIJIANGZHONGLICHUANDIZHICHUANGANQI,DAOZHIFUZHUZAICHUANGANQISHANGDEDANXINGTIFASHENGBIANXING,ZEDANXINGTIYINGBIANLIANGSHANGDEYINGBIANDIANZUPIANJIQIAOLUSHIQUPINGHENG,SHUCHUYUZHONGLIANGSHUZHICHENGZHENGBIDEDIANXINHAO,JINGXIANXINGFANGDAQIJIANGXINHAOFANGDA,ZAIJINGA/DZHUANHUANWEISHUZIXINHAO,YOUYIBIAONEIDEWEICHULIJIDUIZHONGLIANGXINHAOJINXINGCHULIHOUZHIJIEXIANSHIZHONGLIANGSHU。PEIZHIDAYINJIHOU,JIKEDAYINCHENGZHONGSHUJU;RUPEIZHIJISUANJI,KEJIANGJILIANGSHUZHIJIESHURUCHENGZHONGGUANLIXITONGJINXINGZONGHEGUANLI。

2、電子地磅的構成

(1)DIANZIDIBANGCHENGTAI(CHENGZHONGHECHUANLIJIGOU)TASHIJIANGBEICHENGWUTIDEZHONGLIANGHUOFANGCHUANDIGEICHENGZHONGCHUANGANQIDEQUANBUJIXIEXITONG,BAOKUOCHENGZHONGTAIMIAN、CHENGQIAOJIEGOU、DIAOGUALIANJIEDANYUAN、ANQUANXIANWEIZHUANGZHIDENG;SHIMIANSHANGYIGANGJIEGOUCHENGTAIWEIZHU。

(2)CHENGZHONGCHUANGANQIYIBANCHENGZHIWEIYICIBIANHUANYUANJIAN,TAKEYIJIANGZUOYONGYUQISHANGDEZHONGLIANGHUOLIANYIDINGDEHANSHUGUANXI(YIBANSHIXIANXINGGUANXI)ZHUANHUANWEIDIANLIANG(DIANYA、DIANLIU、PINLVDENG)SHUCHU;

(3)CHENGZHONGXIANSHIYIBIAOYIBANCHENGZHIWEIERCIXIANSHIYIBIAO,YONGYU2B0LIANGCHENGZHONGCHUANGANQISHUCHUDEDIANXINHAOZHI,BINGYIZHIZHENHUOSHUMAXINGSHIBAZHONGLIANGZHIXIANSHICHULAI(XIANDAICELIANGYIBIAOZHONGHUANBAOKUOSHUJUCHULI、DAYINZHUANGZHIDENG);

二、電子地磅日常維護要求:

1、電子地磅秤臺的日常維護(較為關鍵)。

(1)DIANZIDIBANGCHENGTAISIZHOUJIANXINEIBUDEKAYOUSHIZI,MEIKUAIDENGYIWU。

(2)JINGCHANGJIANCHADIANZIDIBANGXIANWEIJIANXISHIFOUHELI,XIANWEILUOSHUANYUCHENGTIBUYINGPENGZHUANGJIECHU。

(3)LIANJIEJIANMEIBANNIANJINXINGYICIBAOYANG,ZHICHENGTOUBUTUSHANGHUANGYOU。

(4)JINZHIZAIDIANZIDIBANGCHENGTAISHANGJINXINGDIANHUHANZUOYE,RUOBIXUZAICHENGTAIJINXINGDIANHUHANZUOYE。QINGZHUYIXIALIEJIDIAN:(DUANKAIXINHAODIANLANYUCHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQIDELIANJIE;DIANHUHANDEDIXIANBIXUSHEZHIZAIBEIHANBUWEIFUJIN,BINGLAOGUJIECHUZAICHENGTISHANG;QIEBUKEYISHIYONGCHUANGANQICHENGWEIDIANHUHANHUILUDEYIBUFEN)

2、電子地磅稱重顯示控制器保養

(1)JINGCHANGJIANCHADIANZIDIBANGGEJIEXIANSHIFOUSONGDONG,ZHEDUAN,JIEDIXIANSHIFOULAOKAO。

(2)CHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQICHANGQIBUYONGSHI(RUYIGEYUEYISHANG),YINGGENJUHUANJINGTIAOJIANJINXINGTONGDIANJIANCHA,YIMIANSHOUCHAOHUOQITABULIANGQITIQINSHIYINGXIANGKEKAOXING。

(3)CHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQIBIMIANKAOJINREYUAN、ZHENDONGYUAN。

(4)SHIYONGHUANJINGZHONGBUYINGYOUYIRANYIBAOQITIHUOFENCHEN。

(5)ZAICHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQIDETONGYIXIANGXIANSHANGBUDEJIEGANXINGFUZAI,RUMENLINGDENG。

(6)CHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQICHANGQIBUYONG、GENGHUANBAOXIANSI、YIDONGWEIZHIHUOQINGCHUHUICHENDENGQINGKUANGSHI,WUBIQIEDUANDIANYUAN。

(7)CHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQIRUFASHENGGUZHANGSHIYINGXUNSUDUANDIAN,RANHOUTONGZHIZHUANYEBUMENJIRENYUANJINXINGJIANCHAZHENGLI,YONGHUBUDESUIYICHAIKAIJIXIANG,GENGBUDESUIYIGENGHUANNEIBULINGJIAN。

(8)SIBANGRENYUANHEYIBIAOWEIXIURENYUANJUNXUTONGGUOZHUANMENPEIXUNCAINENGCONGSHICAOZUOHEWEIXIU。

3、電子地磅更換傳感器

(1)DAKAICHUANGANQI(SUNHUAIDE)SHANGFANGGAIBAN,YONGQIANJINDINGDINGQICHENGTAI,QUXIACHUANGANQIDIXIAN。

(2)DAKAIJIEXIANHE,JIANGSUNHUAIDECHUANGANQIDIANLANXIANYUJIEXIANHEJIETUO。ZAICHUANGANQIDUANCHOUCHUDIANLANXIAN。ZHUYI:ZAICHOUXIANSHI,FUSHANGYIGENYINXIANCHUANGUOCHENGTI,YIBIANZAIGENGHUANXINCHUANGANQISHI,BIANDIANLANXIANCHUANYUECHENGTIJINRUJIEXIANHE。

(3)CANZHAOSHANGSHUDIERXIANGDEFANGFA,JIANGCHUANGANQIDIANLANXIANCHUANYUECHENGTIJINRUJIEXIANHE。

(4)ANZHAOJIEXIANTUJIANGDIANLANXIANGEXINXIANGUDINGZAIJIEXIANHEDUIYINGDEJIEXIANZHUSHANG。

(5)SONGKAIQIANJINDING,FANGPINGCHENGTAI,GAISHANGGAIBAN。

(6)GENGHUANCHUANGANQIHOU,XUDUIQICHEHENGZHONGXINSHEDINGHEXIAOZHENG。

(7)CHUANGANQIANZHUANGWANHOU,QIDUOYUDIANLANXIANYINGZHACHENGKUNFANGZHI,BUDEZHIJIEFANGZHIZAIJICHUDIMIANSHANG。

(8)WEIBAOZHENGCHUANGANQIDEYIZHIXINGHEHUHUANXING,CHUANGANQIDIANLANXIANBUDESUIYIJIEDUAN。

(9)ANZHUANGHECHAIXIEGUOCHENGZHONG,BUDECHUXIANHUASHANG、KEPENGCHUANGANQIXIANXIANG,BINGYAOBAOHUHAODIANLANXIAN。

4、電子地磅計算機維護

(1)BAOZHENGJISUANJIJIEDIXITONGLIANGHAO。

(2)YANJINPINFANKAIGUAN、SUIYIBANDONGHECHAIXIEJISUANJI。

(3)JISUANJIYAOYUANLISHUIYUAN、QIANGDIANCIGANLONG。

(4)YANJINSUIYISHIYONGWAILAIRUANPAN,FANGZHIGANRANBINGDU。

(5)YANJINYONGYINGWUQIAOJIJIANPAN,RULUOSIDAO。

(6)JIFANGNEIYINGBAOCHIQINGJIE,WENDUYINGFUHEZHUJISHUOMINGSHUYAOQIU。

(7)CAOZUORENYUANXUJINGPEIXUNHOUFANGKESHANGGANG。

5、電子地磅系統維護

(1)DIANZIDIBANGANZHUANGHOU,YINGTUOSHANBAOCUNSHUOMINGSHU、HEGEZHENG、ANZHUANGTUDENGZILIAO,BINGJINGDANGDIJILIANGBUMENHUOGUOJIARENKEDEJILIANGBUMENJIANDINGHEGEHOU,FANGKETOURUSHIYONG。

(2)XITONGJIADIANQIAN,BIXUJIANCHADIANYUANDEJIEDIZHUANGZHISHIFOUKEKAO;XIABANTINGJIHOU,BIXUQIEDUANDIANYUAN。

(3)DIANZIDIBANGSHIYONGQIANYINGJIANCHACHENGTISHIFOULINGHUO,GEPEITAOBUJIANDEXINGNENGSHIFOULIANGHAO。

(4)CHENGZHONGXIANSHIKONGZHIQIXUXIANKAIJIYURE,YIBANWEI30FENZHONGZUOYOU。

(5)WEIBAOZHENGXITONGJILIANGZHUNQUE,YINGYOUFANGLEIJISHESHI,DIANZIDIBANGFUJINDIANHANZUOYESHI,YANJINJIEDIANZIDIBANGCHENGTAIZUOLINGXIANJIEDIYONG,YIFANGSUNHUAIDIANQIYUANJIAN。

(6)DUIYUANZHUANGZAIYEWAIDEDIZHONGHENG,YINGDINGQIJIANCHAJIKENGNEIDEPAISHUIZHUANGZHI,BIMIANDUSAI。

(7)YAOBAOCHIJIEXIANHENEIGANZAO,YIDANJIEXIANHENEIYOUSHIKONGQIHESHUIDIJINRU,KEYONGDIANCHUIFENGCHUIGAN。

(8)WEIBAOZHENGHENGQIZHENGCHANGJILIANG,YINGDINGQIDUIQIJINXINGXIAOZHUN。

(9)DIAOZHUANGJILIANGZHONGWUSHI,BUYINGYOUCHONGJIXIANXIANG;JILIANGCHEZAIZHONGWUSHI,BUYINGCHAOGUOXITONGDEEDINGCHENGLIANG。

(10)QICHEHENGZHOUZAIYUCHUANGANQIRONGLIANG、CHUANGANQIZHIDIANJULIDENGYINSUYOUGUAN。YIBANQICHEHENGJINZHIJIEJINZUIDACHENGLIANGDECHANCHEZHILEIDEDUANZHOUJUCHELIANGGUOHENG。

(11)SIBANGCAOZUORENYUANHEYIBIAOWEIHURENYUANJUNXUSHUDUSHUOMINGSHUJIYOUGUANJISHUWENJIANCAINENGSHANGGANGCAOZUO。

三、電子地磅故障檢查解決:

1、故障檢查與排除
(1)查找故障位置: 汽車衡發生故障不能工作,首先要找出故障發生在哪個部位。最簡便的方法是借助模擬器來查找。步驟如下: 將接線盒至儀表的信號電纜線解脫,將模擬器的插座(9芯D型扁插座)插入稱重顯示控制器接口J1,接通電源,看稱重顯示控制器工作是否正常,說明故障在秤臺,如稱重顯示控制器工作不正常,則故障在稱重顯示器。其故障的排除必須由專門檢驗人員進行。

(2)CHENGTAIGUZHANGFENXI:

(A)SHOUXIANJIANCHAJIEXIANHE,YOUWUSHUIQIQINRU,RUGUOYOUSHUIQI,YONGJIUJINGCAXI,RANHOUYONGDIANCHUIFENGCHUIGAN,QINGJIENEIBU。

(B)CHAZHAOJIEXIANYOUWUDUANLU。ZAIJIEXIANHENEIYONGWANYONGBIAOCELIANGPINGBIXIANYUQITAGEXIANDEDIANZU,YOUWUDUANLUXIANXIANG。RUFAXIANYOUDUANLUXIANXIANG,ZEXUYAOGENGHUANDIANLAN,WUGUZHANGZEANYIXIABUZOUJIXUCHAZHAO。

(3)CHAZHAOCHUANGANQIGUZHANGBUZOURUXIA:

(A)ZAIJIEXIANHENEIYONGWANYONGBIAOJIANCHAJILIDIANYUANZHENG(E+)HEJILIDIANYUANFU(E-)JIANDIANZUZHI,QIZUZHIDAYUEWEI780Ω/CHUANGANQISHU。

(B)ZHUCIDUANKAICHUANGANQI,YONGaDEFANGFACELIANGZHENGFUJILIDUANHUOZHENGFUSHUCHUDUANJIANDEZUKANGZHI,KANYUHEGEZHENGDEZUZHISHIFOUXIANGFU,CHACHUSUNHUAIDECHUANGANQI。DANGRAN,YEKEANXIAYIBUCHAZHAO。

(C)將1/(n-1)最大秤量的砝碼依次放在秤臺的各個承重點上,如果發現哪個承重點的示值不正確,則表明該處的傳感器有問題,應進行更換。
 注:n為傳感器個數。

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資料來源:廣州市上博電子科技有限公司 電子地磅秤 電子吊鉤秤 電子桌秤 mjyoshi.com

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